The following report analyses some particularly important aspects of the Italian agricultural structure. The total market is very fragmented, consisting of a large number of very small farms that set against a few others of considerable importance, leads to a market completely different from other European countries. Evolution in the last twenty years has registered, on one hand, a reduction in areas under cultivation of wine and wheat, the most important and widespread crops, and on the other, an increase in vegetables and industrial crop. This analysis will not be exhaustive and complete, on the contrary it will only deal with sone aspects of reality that are really interesting because connected to the agrochemical market. This study is a desk-research, it uses data coming from official statistics and from market research carried out by Infomark.