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Research papers

Are long-term effects possible or measurable?

This paper brief reviews some evidence often quoted in relation to quantitatively evaluating advertising expenditure. The need to relate quantitative methods to facts and theories of consumer behaviour is emphasised. A view of consumer buying...

Catalogue: Market Researchers Look At Advertising: A Collection of ESOMAR papers 1949-1979
Author: Tony Twyman
June 15, 1980

Research papers

Progress in advertising research

The present paper is a review of advertising research primarily using the language of brand advertising although the discussion has more general implications. The aim is to provide some brief statement of the state of the art followed by a critical...

Catalogue: AMA/ESOMAR Conference 1981: From Advertising To Communication Research
Author: Tony Twyman
June 15, 1981

Research papers

A radio research design for the 21st century

The paper reviews the work of a technical group designing a new specification for industry radio research. The group represents commercial broadcasters, public sector broadcasters, and advertisers and/or agencies. The paper discusses the limitations...

Catalogue: 2nd Radio Research Symposium
Authors: Lynne Robinson, Tony Twyman, Tony Wearn
June 15, 1997

Research papers

Non-rational advertising effects in relation to theory and practice

In this short contribution it has been necessary to state theoretical arguments briefly rather than argue them out as fully as would be possible. The main contention is that if we are going to assess advertisements, then the complexity of advertising...

Catalogue: Seminar 1971: Translating Advanced Advertising Theories Into Research Reality
Author: Tony Twyman
June 15, 1971

Research papers

Researching a complex social problem

The present paper describes a programme of research set up to aid decision-making about the potential use of advertising to combat vandalism. Starting from a review of the current state of knowledge, research was designed to fill in some of the gaps...

Catalogue: ESOMAR Congress 1979: The Challenge Of Eighties
Authors: Sally Stainforth, Tony Twyman
June 15, 1979

Research papers

Radio research for the 21st century

This paper describes the testing and implementation of the new RAJAR audience research contract in the United Kingdom.

Catalogue: ESOMAR/ARF Seminar 1999: Radio On The World Stage
Authors: Peter Jenkins, Lynne Robinson, Tony Twyman, Tony Wearn
Company: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
June 15, 1999

Research papers

The variability of audience measurement data and how to live with it

The paper reviews the concept of sampling error applied to various methods of sampling and television panels in particular.Approaches are described for calculating sampling errors in relation to: Programme/Commercial Break Ratings Commercial...

Catalogue: ARF/ESOMAR Worldwide Electronic And Broadcast Audience Research Symposium 1996
Authors: Tony Twyman, Steve Wilcox
June 15, 1996

Research papers

Measuring small audiences

This paper identifies the different ways in which media developments lead to ever smaller audiences being examined within people meter systems. The consequent unreliability of much people meter data is assessed and strategies proposed for dealing...

Catalogue: ESOMAR/ARF Seminar 1998: Electronic Media And Measurement Trends
Authors: Tony Twyman, Steve Wilcox
June 15, 1998

Research papers

Mixed research techniques for a mixed economy

The paper describes the changes in the radio market and explores the implications for joint industry measurement in the future. The main issues that must be considered in setting out the scope of the measurement solution are outlined, and the main...

Catalogue: ARF/ESOMAR Worldwide Radio 2001
Authors: Tony Twyman, Chris Mundy
Company: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
April 1, 2001